Pendleton Oregon History
The city of Pendleton in northeastern Oregon has a rich history lurking in its underground tunnels, and visitors can catch a glimpse of it on a guided underground tour. Oregon, Oregon - Lost in the shadow of the Oregon State Capitol and the tallest building in the Pacific Northwest, the historic Pendlette is known for its It's an epic September rodeo that has been going on since 1910.
Pendleton is the county seat of Umatilla and is located on the main line of the Union Pacific system and home to the Pendleton and UMatilla County Pioneers Association. It is located on a major railroad line from the Oregon State Capitol to Portland, originally built in the area in the 1880s by the Pacific Railroad (UP) union. It is a stop on two transcontinental lines that are also connected to San Francisco, San Diego, Los Angeles, Seattle, Portland and Seattle - Tacoma, Washington - by rail. It is a major port of call for the US Army Corps of Engineers (USAAF) and was the site of a number of military exercises and training camps during the Second World War.
The transcontinental railroad connected Portland with the East Coast in 1883, and by that time the hard work of building the railroad was largely complete.
The move to eastern Oregon made sense because it was sheep land and the wool producers and mills allowed the mills to significantly reduce production costs. With two railway lines crossing and connecting the city, its economy was good, especially in the wool industry.
Pendleton Woolen Mills has been at the same location since 1909 and still weaves ceilings that are both classic and redesigned. Pendleton's woolen mills are famous for their woven blankets with Indian-inspired patterns, and they still weave blankets in classic or new designs.
The company's roots began in 1863, when Thomas L. Kay made the transcontinental trek to the West Coast and worked in a wool mill in Oregon. J.J. moved to Pendleton, Oregon in 1905 and opened a shop in the same building that still exists today.
Since the railway was built early in its history, it became an important trading post for the wool industry. After the city was founded, Pendleton brought in Chinese workers who had come from eastern Oregon to work on the railroad. Chinese workers who ran opium caves and illegal gambling salons in the 1890s were begged by the workers. In the film "Pendleton Round-ups," Pendleton, Oregon, is shown in conversation with guest actors from the films that were made during the Pendleton Round-Up.
A bird's eye view of the city of Pendleton in the 1890s, published by the East Oregon Publishing Company. A photo hanging from a long beam shows a 1939 airplane circling over the city as it crosses the Oregon prairie.
When the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company came in 1881, the county was booming, but only four or five families lived in Pendleton when it was named county town. The second golden era of the circle began with grain and wool, and the company had behaved like a sewing company. In 1955, it bought a plant in Portland, Oregon, the first of its kind in Oregon, for $1.5 million. In 1956, in an interesting turn of events, they bought a second plant in Portland from Roy Bishop, who had left them to run his business.
The first golden era of Umatilla County began in 1862 with the discovery of a newly discovered mine in the area and the first gold rush. On September 27, 1862, Baker and UMatilla County were separated from Wasco County, which at that time included all of Oregon east of the Cascades. It was the county seat of both counties, founded in 1861 and then the political center of eastern Oregon. On the first day of its existence, the U Matillas County Court in Pendleton convened in 1861.
A key event that happened just before the rodeo started was the East Oregon Newspaper, which was founded in 1908 as a company in Pendleton.
In addition to the wool mill, Pendleton also housed one of Oregon's first commercial cotton spinning mills, which has been operated by families for more than six generations. In September, she took over the former Oregon State Penitentiary, now Portland Public Library. Held every year in the second week of September, the Oregon Rodeo has been held since 1910 and is one of the largest rodeo events in the country. This lively time of year for the city was marked in September by the opening of a new train station, the first of its kind in Oregon.
Oregon may be well known for its urban preferences in Portland and the rest of the Willamette Valley, but the city of Pendleton keeps the state's Old West heritage alive. Eastern Oregon has ghost towns stretching across the high desert, and this is the only city in the Old East that still feels alive, according to the Oregon Historical Society.